How to Calculate Pot Odds and Equity in Texas Holdem

If a spade comes you're sitting with an 8-high flush, the third nuts. Please try the best alternative which is available for your location: If you're playing Pot-Limit or No-Limit it's a little bit harder to count the pot and, as a result, the odds will not be as exact. If you dropped in on this article looking for a Pot Odds Calculator, there are a few simple ones out there online but the truth is you have all the tools you need to calculate pot odds right in your head. This is still done using this formula:. Under ideal circumstances, 1 of 15 different outs can complete a strong hand. News and features about your favorite professional poker players from around the globe.

How to Count Your Outs -- Video

Percentage table key.

On the turn assuming you don't make your full house there are now 3 cards that can pair to give you a full house. To make quads, you have a far worse chance than you do to make a full house. There is only 1 card left to make them. So you have 7 or 10 outs to make a fullhouse, or better quads. Hi i was just wondering how come the outs for a full house increase after the turn? You would assume quads are higher value therefore would be harder to hit.

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Count Your Outs Published On: Counting your outs just to stay alive is never a good feeling. A Beginner's Guide to 3-Betting in Poker. An "out" is any card that can come which will give you the best hand. Here's a simple outs cheat sheet covering the most common situations you'll be in after the flop definitions for the terms are below the list: Example 1 Your Hand: It's always a less expensive mistake to fold when you're good than to call when you're behind.

Example 2 Your Hand: For all the beginners out there, stick to the two following golden rules: You should always be aware of pot size. If you're playing Limit poker, you count the number of bets in the pot instead of the amount of money. If you're playing Pot-Limit or No-Limit it's a little bit harder to count the pot and, as a result, the odds will not be as exact. Once you know your pot odds you must use this information appropriately.

You do this by connecting the pot odds to the value of your hand. This means you are able to put your opponents on likely hands and understand your chances of making a better hand than theirs. For example, you have a flush draw on the flop in Hold'em and you are up against an opponent who you think has at least top pair.

There are 9 cards usually referred to as outs that will give you a flush when you have flopped four cards to a flush. This means that you need pot odds of at least to make a call on the flop profitable.

Implied odds are defined as the relationship between the size of the current pot and the pot you are expected to win. This means that occasionally the pot does not lay the correct odds even when you decide to play because you expect to get further action and win more when you hit your hand.

But, if you expect your opponent to call a bet or raise on the river if you make your hand, your implied odds are or If you dropped in on this article looking for a Pot Odds Calculator, there are a few simple ones out there online but the truth is you have all the tools you need to calculate pot odds right in your head. In fact it's much better for your game long term to learn the quick shortcuts and how to calculate pot odds in your head on the fly; it's not like you can pull out and use a pot odds calculator at the poker table anyway.

In order to calculate your equity your odds of winning the pot , you need to first know how many outs you have to make your hand. This becomes quick and simple with a little practice and a little memorization.

If you have an open-ended straight draw there are two different values of cards that will give you your hand:. If you have a flush draw there are 13 cards of that suit.

You hold two of them and two of them are on the board:. Remember to remove the outs of cards you know on the board and in your hand and to not count outs twice for example, if you have an open-ended straight flush draw you have 15 outs. When counting your outs you need to remember the idea of anti-outs and possibly even blockers. If by making your straight you also complete the flush of your opponent, then those straight cards are not outs to your hand and can't be counted as such.

The possibility of a flush draw on the board can turn a profitable eight-out straight draw into a six-out straight draw, rendering your odds insufficient. More about Anti-Outs and Blockers here.

If you can't make an astute deduction of the value of your opponent's hands, err on the side of caution and always assume that they have the hand most dangerous to your own. If there's a flush draw, assume they have the draw; if the board is paired, assume they have a full house or, if you're lucky, just trips. It's less expensive to wrongly fold a hand than to wrongly call off your whole stack. There's a simple formula you can remember to get a slightly more accurate figure:.

Without this little formula the percentage would be higher by seven points, giving us an artificially large result. If your equity calculations are wrong you can't make informed decisions. As you can see, equity and pot odds hang on a bunch of relatively simple calculations.

All that they require is some memorization of the formulas and techniques and a little bit of practice calculating them in your head. Your answer should be: This means that, in order to break even, you must win 1 out of every 5 times. However, with your flush draw, your odds of winning are 1 out of every 3 times! You should quickly realize that not only are you breaking even, but you're making a nice profit on this in the long run.

Let's calculate the profit margin on this by theoretically playing this hand times from the flop, which is then checked to the river. As you can see, you have a great reason to play this flush draw, because you'll be making moneyin the long run according to your hand odds and pot odds.

The most fundamental point to take from this is:. If your Pot Odds are greater than your poker hand odds, then you are making a profit in the long run. Even though you may be faced with a gut shot straight draw at times - which is a terrible draw at 5 to 1 hand odds - it can be worth it to call if you are getting pot odds greater than 5 to 1.

Other times, if you have an excellent draw such as the flush draw, but someone has just raised a large amount so that your pot odds are 1: In this situation, a fold or semi-bluff is your only solution, unless you know there will be callers behind you that improve your pot odds to better than break-even. Your ability to memorize or calculate your hand odds as well as calculate pot odds will lead you to make many of the right decisions in the future - just be sure to remember that fundamental principle of profitably playing drawing hands requires that your pot odds are greater than your hand odds.

An important note I have to make is that many players who understand Hold'em odds tend to forget is that much of the theoretical odds calculations from the flop to the river assume there is no betting on the turn. So while it's true that for a flush draw, the odds are 1. Unfortunately, most of the time, this will not be the case, so you should not calculate pot odds from the flop to the river and instead calculate them one card at a time.

To calculate your odds one card at a time, simply use the same odds that you have going from the turn to the river. So for example, your odds of hitting a flush from the turn to river is 4 to 1, which means your odds of hitting a flush from the flop to the turn is 4 to 1 as well.

To help illustrate even further, we will use the flush calculation example that shows an often-used but incorrect way of thinking. As you can see from these example calculations, calling a flush draw with 2 to 1 pot odds on the flop can lead to a long term loss, if there is additional betting past the flop.

Most of the time, however, there is a concept called Implied Value which we'll get to next that is able to help flush draws and open-ended straight draws still remain profitable even with seemingly 'bad' odds. The draws that you want to worry about the most are your long shot draws: If you draw these hands using incorrect odds such as flop to river odds , you will be severely punished in the long run.

Implied Value is a pretty cool concept that takes into account future betting. Like the above section, where you have to worry about your opponent betting on the turn, implied value is most often used to anticipate your opponent calling on the river.

So for example, let's say that you have yet another flush draw and are being offered a 3 to 1 pot odds on the turn. Knowing that you need 4 to 1 pot odds to make this a profitable call, you decide to fold. Here is where implied value comes into play. So, even though you're getting 3 to 1 pot odds on the turn, you can likely anticipate your opponent calling you on the river if you do hit your flush draw. This means that even though you're only getting 3 to 1 pot odds, since you anticipate your opponent calling a bet on the river, you are anticipating 4 to 1 pot odds - so you are able to make this call on the turn.

So in the most practical standpoint, implied value usually means that you can subtract one bet from your drawing odds on the turn, as it anticipates your opponents calling at least one bet.

In some more advanced areas, you can use implied odds as a means of making some draws that might not be profitable a majority of the time, but stand to make big payouts when they do hit. Some examples of this would be having a tight image and drawing to a gut shot against another tight player.

Even though this is a horribly bad play and hopefully you don't have to pay much for it , it can possibly be a positive play if you know your opponent will pay you off if you hit your draw - because he won't believe you played a gut shot draw. For many reasons, I do not recommend fancy implied odds plays like these, but mentioned it more so that you can recognize some players who pull these 'tricky' plays on you as well.

Knowing how to figure out your odds in Texas Hold'em is one of the most fundamental points in becoming a solid poker player. If this poker odds page was a bit difficult to understand, don't worry. Keep playing, bookmark this page and come back when you need another brush-up on how to properly apply odds. It takes a while to learn how to calculate them properly and to memorize them as well. Practice makes perfect, so be sure to check out our Party Poker Bonus Codes to get an extrabonus when you are first starting out.

You can also view our full Party Poker Review. As a little 'poker cheat', you can also download poker backgrounds that can help assist you, should you often forget your odds and outs. Good luck at the poker tables! Visit our partners for online poker strategy tips and poker strategy for playing internet poker.

Party Poker Strategy Guide:: Please check your local laws or consult with legal counsel before attempting to play poker online. Why are Odds Important in Poker Why are poker odds so important anyhow? This is summed up in this short principle:

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