It was at the end of one of these talks at a convention in Missoula, Montana , just as I described some rules change, that one of the listeners smiled and said, "You know, we've been doing that for years. Will add picture later And your great, great-grandparents. All syllabic consonants must be marked with a diacritic as shown in the examples below in narrow transcription. Even more problems occur with the recognition of word forms.
I often awake mid-night to urinate and write with a clear mind, recalling my dreams, interpreting them, and sorting out challenges that are easier to focus on when the mind is calm and distractions are minimal. I may write creatively at this time as well, depending on what I feel guided to do that night. Thanks for the article! Ah I forgot to add, perhaps this would be neat to study in such people, like me, who camp half the year and have the opportunity to do this.
I say I find it very helpful as I can remember dreams more vividly and feel a deeper sense of connection to myself. I often wake up in the middle of the night.
I find it a good time to turn on my shortwave radio and tune around the bands to see what I can hear. After about an hour or so, I go back to bed. I am in my 70s and find that I can never make it through the night without waking up and staying awake for a few hours. This article was revealing and I now will no longer panic as I try to go back to sleep. I have always thought that it was not a good idea to read or even get some work done during these hours.
I now have a new outlook on my sleeping patterns. I am 68 and I was recently in hospital for two nights. Almost everyone in the ward was male and approximately the same age or older. What surprised me was the number of times during the night that these patients got up to go to the loo. I discussed this with one of the night nurses and she said it is extremely common and it had surprised her when she first started working nights.
Obviously at this age, prostrate problems are one factor, but not the only one — people just do not sleep right through as we normally imagine. Over the country as a whole, millions of people must be getting up several times a night. There also seem to be many who do not need the loo, but just wake up and lie there for a while before going back to sleep. I am 82 and have had the same experience for the past few years.
I used to toss and turn, worrying about the next day. Then I began to leave simple chores to do during my wakeful period, had a cup of Sleepytime, before returning to bed and found I felt rested in the morning. Certainly felt better than after hours of tossing and turning. A cup of sleepy time By that I assume you mean a cup of gin? That works for me also….
This was an interesting read I was under the influence that if you woke up during of the night you were not resting properly. I too thought there was a problem with my resting. I was told that I suffered from depression because I was waking half-way through the night. Thank you for the article. And then there is the fact that plumbing used to be outside… Perhaps the end of first sleep was a brave trip into the elements outside. There seem to be a confluence of things here.
I believe this specific polyphasic sleep pattern would have evolved as a way to provide security for oneself and progeny. I was still in my first sleep Ehi!
Stavo ancora nel primo sonno! Nice work here, thank you. I always heard that expression here and while visiting Italy. I thought about it the way you did. I have a very unusual sleep problem. I can sleep for 5 minutes and feel as though I have slept all night, same as 8 hours.
This happens very often. I feel energized, healthy and ready to go. Sometimes I sleep longer, same results. I can not go back to sleep. Then I worry about what is wrong with me. I have timed it at times. Fit and eager to start the day. I am almost 66 , retired. Is it possible that you wake up a lot because you look at the clock and keep thinking about it. I wake up quite often, with hot moments! I was wondering why my female friends and I have a sleeping problem after the age of When you are still employed, this sleep pattern is very hard on the job.
Is this only a female thing? My mother had the same problem as do most of my female friends. Women waking in the middle of the night after the age of 50 is a hormone issue. It also happens to pregnant women. Waking around am and then falling back to sleep a couple hours later.
I am in my mid forties and used to sleep great. I wake up after 5 hours wide awake. I hate lying in bed for an hour and half and then falling asleep again. When I decide to get up after an hour and a half, I end up literally passing out again to sleep. But what is the solution? I so miss sleeping 7 hours a night!
It should be noted this practice of two sleeps is still very common today in places with lots of darkness AND tending of fires. In Alaska many people still live in cabins or houses heated by wood stoves or fireplaces. Not only that, but many people around the state live off the grid, and thus do not use normal electric light or only sparingly.
So, many in norther areas of the world live this lifestyle. I remember my dad doing this often when we visited our getaway cabin. He commonly would wake the rest of us up for a little bit in the middle of the night, as he started tinkering after tending the wood stove. He was quiet, but the littlest noise in a small cabin can get a persons attention. He told us that it would be common for the people where he was to wake up every night, chat, eat in the middle of the night, and then go back to sleep.
Pretty common to have split sleep onboard US Navy ships when standing watches. However, usually you have a longer hour sleep period and then another hour sleep period. But sometimes is shrinks to hours a day during heavy operational tempo. I have always slept this way! It is relieving to know I am not the only one.
Thank goodness — I have slept this way for as long as I can remember. Now that I am retired, I naturally fall asleep in the armchair for three to five hours, wake and then make my way upstairs to bed. Sometimes I fall asleep straight away, other times I make tea, watch tele, etc.
Sometimes, personal problems can surface and resolve themselves at this time.. Incidentally, I never need an alarm clock. When I relax into my second sleep, I know what I intend to do the following day, and generally awaken at the right time. I enjoy this time and when I feel tired again at 5 or 6 am I go back to bed and sleep easily. I look forward to these periods which I very calming and relaxing with no distractions.
My grandparents used to do this also, and knowing this allowed me to see it as normal. I am going to give two sleeps a try as I find I am often wide awake in the midnight hours and then stress about trying to get back to sleep. In the summer, perhaps there were shorter sleep cycles than in the winter, but the needs of the livestock guaranteed an interval. No TV, no Cell Phone, no computer. Also room darkening curtains or blinds for full moons help.
A soft light for reading or writing, meditation or prayer are not bright enough to be negative to your experiment. I installed a program on my computer called f-lux it changes the tones on the screen and had my glasses and my kids! It lessens the melatonin-altering blue light from computer screens and gaming consoles, and helps you sleep better. Jobs with flexible work hours are wonderful things. Between sleeps I regularly get up and sew or quilt which both require good lighting.
Or I surf the internet on my laptop, phone, or tablet. Artificial light certainly impacts some people but not everyone and not always to a disruptive extent. I recently retired fully. I am diabetic so often I awake around 2AM and eat a bowl of cereal and turn on the news channel on TV. I usually begin to get sleepy about an hour or so, and then go back to bed and sleep very good until around 7 AM.
I find that I feel much better rested since I started this. I had never heard of this before, but now I am delighted to know that I am not crazy! This is giving me a better waking period and I rest better than I ever have! I was wondering about my odd sleeping schedule and I can never really find anything but this is close enough! I usually only sleep about hours. Unfortunately the method I chose to get this long sleep was terrible.
I stayed up until I passed out of exhaustion. Then I would fall asleep and sleep for 10 hours. It was terrible and have since fixed my sleeping schedule but I only get hours roughly. I also usually sleep about 5 hours a night. I tried the getting exhausted thing, medicine, etc because others had me convinced that less than 8 hours is bad for my health.
Finally I gave into it. I simply have more time to be productive than others. I am the same way. Sleep from 10 or 11pm until 2Am, then up for an hour or 2 and wake up for the day at 6AM. Get 5 to 6 hours of sleep a night and I am fine. If perhaps I do sleep 7 or 8 hours straight, I feel more tired throughout the day. He goes to sleep as soon as it gets dark but always wakes up around am usually about 6 hours of sleep.
He stays awake for sometimes up to an hour then sleeps until the sun comes up about 4 hours. During the day he usually only takes one nap for about hours. I totally agree that if I had heard about this pattern that I would have been so much less stressed when my kids were babies! Actually, this study suggests that two sleep cycles is biologically encoded and NOT the result of sociological factors:.
I have an unusual sleep pattern. I come home from work at six. I usually read for an hour then fall asleep. I wake up around nine, eat dinner , watch TV and go to bed around 1: I read some more and fall asleep around 3: I wake up around 8: I get up have a meal breakfast go to work at 2: Owning a dog has been the greatest thing ever for understanding my eating habits!
He only eats what he needs! I apply that to my diet! We get so wrapped up in these social constructs! Add another to the list of 2 time sleepers! I venture back and forth. Sometimes I sleep once, sometimes twice. When I sleep twice, I feel much better. We are ALL different with different needs that changes as the seasons of the earth change and as the seasons of our lives change.
The only truth is really that we are the best experts for our body if we will only listen. The major side effect of two sleeping was left unmentioned: I have much better recall of my dreams because I wake, fall back asleep, wake, etc.
I really enjoy recalling the crazy dreams. In order for the parents to have time alone for personal interaction sex, conversation,planning the two sleep thing would have afforded them that opportunity. Years ago when flipping through the Benedictine Rule, the first successful monastic regulation, I noticed monks went to bed early. But then they got up at midnight to gather in the chapel, pray and sing hymns.
I remember thinking WTF? But now I understand. They have their first meal of the day breakfast and afterwards they take a small nap siesta. They get up and go for work. After the work they gather again for the evening prayer and afterwards they have the second and last meal for the day.
Then they either take a nap or they attend the visitors. At midnight their programme starts all over again. Besieds normal prayers they recite the Jesus Prayer 24 hours a day: Jesus Christ Son of God have mercy on me a sinner. When the All-Holy Theotokos finds it correct She makes the prayer self-recited and then there is no need for real sleeping again, as we understand sleeping ourselves, that is! That is the Monks relax for an hour a day or so but they keep praying; this is the prayer that the Saint Apostle Paul mentions!
Whilst a doctoral student, I also had a 60 hour a week job. During this midnight period I would study and write, and sometimes I would take the dog out for a walk, and just think. These midnight sessions often resulted in my most productive study, writing, and thinking. The dog thought so too. I never suffered from daytime fatigue. I started sleeping in 2 segments when i was working 3 shift… Went home got kids off to school or went straight to bed then got back up when they got home from school then slept another 2 hours before going to work… Did that for 7 years… And now i sleep better going to bed about 5 pm wake up an hour or two later then stay up till ten then go back to bed till 5 am for work… Or break it up in similar patterns..
I do two sleeps quite often. I put my two young kids to sleep at about 7: I read to them and sing them a quiet song, and that usually makes all of us very drowsy.
Then I wake up 3 or 4 hours later when my wife comes home from work and comes to bed. I started segmented sleep only after starting night shifts. I get home at 8 a. Note also that in many cultures a siesta is commonly taken around Watches, that is period of duty on ships, are typically split into periods shorter than eight hours, such as four hours on duty, four hours off, so sleep is broken into segments shorter than four hours.
I heard about second sleep about a year ago, I started calling my insomnia second sleep this Summer. I have much less stress related to these wakeful times now. I try to embrace these times, however, my husband does not sleep in this manner. I think we need to sound proof the bedroom, ha ha! Great article, thank you! I began sleeping this way several years ago. I work full time, so I thought at first that this was unhealthy, but as I read about it and realized how common it is, it became normal to me.
I tend to fall asleep around 8 to 8;30, wake up anywhere from and stay up til about 3. On the weekends however, I tend to get up at 4. One thing to consider for the summer months is the afternoon siesta. Two nighttime sleeps may be too much to attain in the midst of summer, but a two-hour nap mid-day would not be. Consider also that our forefathers did not have daylight savings time artificially pushing the daylight hours ahead an hour so that it is still daylight at 8: The sun would be setting at 7: The sun would not begin rising until 5: That still affords a little more than 8 hours of sleep.
With a mid-day nap thrown in and the heat, summertime might still allow for two sleeps. Imagine what it would have been like before air conditioning. That, or they may have just gotten up earlier and not felt the need for as much sleep due to more daylight hours. They could have needed just as much sleep in the summer despite awaking in the middle of the night, but simply moved that extra bit around to a mid-day nap. I agree, but the houses of that era were different, the walls, at least in the area where I live, which is quite hot: Andalucia, were made with very thick walls with earth and lime and this ayudadaba to maintain a high degree of humidity, say an air conditioner would not be necessary.
Clear that it is true that the nap was a break during the day to rest and divide, as it were in two parts, curiously like at night, practically almost all animals do. Like mud, applied to the outside of a wall, right? It left the word ayudadaba in Spanish so he clarified what it meant. I usually wake up at about 2am, desperate for a shit. Could this be a throwback to an older way of sleeping?
Could it be that sleep allows for a relaxed bowel, which is when the bowel movement occurs most easily? I have had this new habit two years now. Or an older way of shitting? Two doctors told me to pee more often in the daytime, even without the urge,, and there will be not middle of the night peeing. Seems to be working! I wonder if the slightly skewed version of this seen in many Latin American countries with the siesta tradition is because of their typically hotter weather?
What happens to our sleep in a total absence of light? Stuff like when miners are trapped underground for weeks and weeks, or up in the Arctic?
What happens to sleeping patterns when we no longer have a way of differentiating between day and night? Conversely, what would happen if there was no night-time? Also, I feel I should add: We have that in Shetland. Personally, I have no problem. I work from home and take random naps throughout the day and night with no regard to the actual time of the day, just whenever I feel tired. More like 4 or 5 sleeps a day, always around 2 hours each. But I work an average of 12 hours a day, 7 days a week and spend the remainder out walking.
But my most common sleep time is around 10 hours. And I almost never nap not even as a kid. I began 2 sleeps 24 years ago when I became a mother.
Getting up around 2: I assumed my ancestors came awake once through the night to make sure all is safe and well. However, I still do this nightly ritual and the kids have grown and flown. I sleep twice a day.
I go to bed approx midnight, get up at 4. I never until just now discovered that everyone in olden times slept in this fashion, but I can easily believe it. After college I started doing hard manual labor and was too tired to involve my mind in the finer things of life in the evenings, like reading or art.
So I started sleeping in TWO shifts every day. I go to sleep shortly after dinner, at dusk. This is my main sleep period, varying from 4 to 6 hours. Then I rise and in the darkness and solitude of the night I feel like I am MUCH more mentally and physically powerful than any other time of the day. I never have trouble falling asleep. My wife complains how I am able to fall asleep virtually instantly — literally in seconds.
And I get far more accomplished in my day than those who flop down out-of-energy on the couch and vegetate before the TV all evening. Besides, there are always DVDs of the few decent shows to watch during my early morning waking hours.
So I should mention that I am in perfect health and not the least bit overweight at 63 years. How many of you can do that every day of your life? A person Sleeping on bed will lead with an unhealthy life with ailments such as diabetes etc. It starts like this, Our back gets heatedup. And leads to disruption of Insulin and sugar proportion in the body. This leads to all types of ailments which shortens life.
But a person sleeping on floor with simple mat, with one or two blankets and with a simple pillow, will lead long healthy life. Sleeping on a bed gives you diabetes. Surely all these so called experts should have warned me about that! I am 43 years old andnhave been sleeping on a bed for 43 years, I am diabetes free, so maybe thats the biggest load of codswallop I have ever heard in my entire 43 years.
My 15 stone father has diabetes, he too sleeps in a bed!! This makes perfect sense to me, always thought I was an insomniac, because I have done this for years and always feel better if I just go ahead and get up and do something, then I have no trouble going to sleep when I lay back down….
I learned about this two-sleep pattern or segmented sleep last year in a Post-Marxisms class. This summer, I am solely working on my dissertation, so I decided to try out segmented sleep for 20 days. I sleep like that! And I know I disturbed the kids when they were young.. But I also read, FB, let the dog out and in a few times.. I too have been sleeping as such, do fb, give dogwater take pills, take dog out. I am not working now not sure it would be feisable if I were working dayshift.
But for now Iwill enjoy it. Glad I found this. I too sleep in 4 hour blocks. After the first sleep I would get anxious and nervous about not falling back to sleep. This article and the research is definitely changing my tune: One thing I would suggest the researchers do when conducting the experiments with humans is to check their cortisol levels throughout the night at 6pm, 10, 4am, 8am.
I used to suffer from bad insomnia never falling asleep early at all and after a cortisol saliva test I saw that my cortisol began to increase at night you want the opposite to happen. This might be true of some cultures in some areas but not most of the population of the world at the time. There were night owls so to speak back then too who actually slept in the day but they usually did some kind of work at night by candlelight if indoors but much cleaning was needed outdoors at night in upper class areas where the poor would work at night using lanterns as light and some Towns even had poles with lanterns hung that were lit all night giving off a soft light.
Most people slept several to a bedroom and not many had more than one or two changes of clothes so closets were small even up until the s if you have seen an older house with small closets and wonder how on earth did they keep clothes and towels. The majority of humans would tend to go to sleep soon after the Sun went down or time after lovemaking in a crowded room and would sleep about 8 hours then wake earl while it was still dark out, light the house with candles and later other types of non electric lamps and start the cooking of the day while the men started to get ready for work a mile or so away that might take three hours in the dark to get there on time in a buggy or on a horse in deep snows or mud from summer rains.
Most people took naps in the DAYTIME and especially the proper female so there were naps and in Germany, France and other nations, that tradition continues to this day which is why the States has low productivity compared and is going down hill worse than Haiti.
How do you know this is exactly what happened?! I began sleeping twice per night about ten years ago, when I started using wood to heat my house. It seemed to me then, and it still does, that when my body sensed that the house was getting too cold for my likes I would automatically wake up.
After stoking the fire and feeding the cat, I usually hang out for well over an hour, doing laundry, checking mail and news on my computer, playing solitaire. Falling back to sleep is never a problem for me, and I feel very rested after the second sleep period. I run my own business on the Internet so when I sleep is more flexible for me, but I like to get up with her and start the day together.
So if I go to bed at, say, I find myself also resorting to this kind of sleep pattern — last night I spent 4 hours on the couch, then woke up — did some computing — then went to bed to sleep another hours. I am somewhat rested but still sleep-drowsy.
And this happens quite often nowadays. This is exactly how I sleep, when I am not committed to something early in the morning. I am a bit of a night owl, I do love the quite of the night time. I usually go to bed around 2 a. I do have REM cycles with both sleep times and wake up easily both time.
However, if I have to wake up before 4 hours in the second sleep, I have a REALLY difficult time and often sleep though alarm clocks, phone calls, door pounding… and then I will wake up naturally about 30 to 45 minutes later.
Lynn, you are the only one in here that sounds just like me. Everyone else is very similar, but I do the same thing. The disruptions and all. I was told I have insomnia, and have had it since I was a little kid. I also find it odd that I can recall bits and pieces of being an infant.
And my body forces me to sleep this way. But when in a night owl, I tend not to get sick at all. Interesting to day the least. I spent a lot of my life doing two sleep.
Actually more like a midday nap for 15 to 30 minutes and then regular sleep. My father at 89 would six sleep. My first memories were of sleeping in a cold room. Seeing my breath in the morning was common. My parents moved to a home with central heat around I lived in a dorm at college with central heat starting in It is a little of topic, but I believe that heating our millions of homes and businesses with gas is not going to last.
We need sustainable heat such as solar, or a digest er, or possibly even some wood again. We need a way to heat our structures that will last for decades and eventually centuries.
SO um, I am looking for the two books linked to amazon. Even if they are out of print, I would love them as a starting point. When I was a teenager I was a two sleeper. I had a paper route and I would get up around 3 AM, stoke the furnace and deliver my paper route and then come back to bed until I had to get up and go to school. But with school and paper route and church and other activities, I did not average 8 hours, but closer to 6.
I found this article searching for info on multiple sleep periods, because of this: That would naturally lend itself to a two sleep pattern and a tendency to be able to wake up and be alert in the middle of the night would be an advantage where night attacks were common. I do this all the time. This explains my waking at 3am to 3.
It also explains why every house I have had that has been haunted at aroubd this time I smell food. Everyone always says midnight they ought to try this time.
I usually go to bed around midnight and wake up around 5: Then I go downstairs, feed my kitties, have a cup of coffee and retire to the recliner with the TV on. Here I thought I was a wierdo! I found by accident the two-sleep method was a great help to me.
I would use the waking interlude as my time to study and work on papers I had due. My best and most creative writing came out during this time period. What a great article. When I began sleeping in this way around 12 months ago i.
Unrelated, I came here since I had difficulties getting sleep this night and having only two hours until I have to be well-rested, and get up to do an exam.. Sometimes if the habitual pattern is just slightly off I tend to get troubles getting to sleep, to alert. My habitual pattern is annoyingly mostly media-based nowadays since I usually have to use the computer-by-the-bed to get tranquil or sedated enough to relax.
I do this by listening to a fairly interesting to keep me distracted, from the silence or what? I dont feel otherwise troubled, I am generally quite serene and positive inside in nightime, but before I had much more of a peace of mind and didnt need multimedia or distraction. My grandmother however always slept heavy the first few hours, then she got up, went into the kitchen, laid a patience card game, ate a few bisquits, comfortably talked or whistled back to the undulat birds and listened to the night talk shows on the radio, laughed a bit with them until she got back to bed one or two hours later.
It s good to know she actually just did what folks do, but I sleeping over on the side of her bed on her velvet green couch cushions always woke up and felt it was kinda cozy having her there in the kitchen, mostly enyoying her blue hours. It makes sense, but not if you get to sleep as late as modern humans, and a state that is impossible with an attention-havocing computer by your side.
Habits are changable though. Any curious ideas to why I could win a sleeping contest? Does this sound like you, too? I am the exact same way. I can sleep for hours easily…. Everyone makes fun of me because of how much I sleep. I also love my sleep! I have always been able to sleep hours at a stretch, if it is up to me, I would go to bed at 8pm and get up at 10am.
However, I have married a US Marine ret. This is apparently common in the military, because all his marine buddies have a similar schedule, which is basically up all the time. I have tried to keep up with him, but I have grown depressed, fat and frustrated. Not my old 12 hours, but I will take it! Hopefully we will all lay down in an hour or two and pass out until 11am as usual. Only this time, I am really hoping I will not wake up groggy and exhausted.
When circumstances are ideal, I find I am naturally inclined to sleep five hours, be awake ten, then sleep five more. Repeat as long as possible. Alas, a 24 hour a day cycle does not allow that 28 hour rotation for long… stupid responsibilities! She goes to bed around 9 and always wakes up between 2 and 3: I am curious though, I found this article on Google trying to find an explanation for MY problem, not hers. I can go to bed at any time, but I will never fall asleep until way later than I should.
If I wake at 6 and go to bed at any time, I still fall asleep at 1 or 2. If I wake at 8 I will fall asleep around 2 or 3. If I wake at 10 or later I fall asleep anytime between 3 and 6, and it stops there. My earliest memory of this sleep habit I was probably around seven. Why do I sleep like this? Or rather, why do I not sleep? Please if anyone has any ideas, please reply. Fastly growing people between 13 and well up until their twenties need more sleep, is what I have heard, and are generally night owls..
It is actually the society that needs to change their schedules one hour forward to make everything go smoother. You are just a night owl. The natural night owl schedule is to fall asleep in the early morning hours and wake in the afternoon. Nothing strange about it. It is just as normal. If left to my natural preference, I would go to bed at 6 or 7 am, and wake at 3 or 4 in the afternoon, and be happy and fully rested.
One thing I can tell you after 40 years of trying — a night person does not change. A day person can adjust to another schedule but a night person will never change into a day person. You can force yourself and be sleep-deprived as I always was for years working but the second it was the weekend I was back to my natural schedule and so sleep-deprived I would sleep 12 or 14 hours straight.
It is just a biological fact that some of us are meant to be up and alert at night. I take anti-depressants, melatonin, benadryl, ibuprophen, aspirin, magnesium except it gives me diarrhea to get to sleep, every other night it works. Our ancestors bathed in water and ate foods grown in soil, both RICH in magnesium.
I buy magnesium from a great source: I personally soak my feet, body in the granules for 20 or so minutes many days and now have a solution of their Magnesium Oil diluted with a few tablespoons of distilled water that I spray on my body once or twice a day. VERY effective for many bodily functions, including calming and relaxing for sleep. Again, great article, makes a lot of sense, and good to see so many people doing same. They say its because the world is sleeping and less energy and interference coming into your mind, and gates of heaven are open etc etc, but i think as the article says its also a metaphor to do with whats going inside you body, as it is in a state which is conducive to being calm, focused and so helps you achieve higher levels of meditation etc.
This also ties in well with instructions to always sleep before midnight, so if you sleep at around 11, your first sleep cycle finishes around 2, which fits in perfectly with this. As for the summer months having less darkness, I think this is balanced out with the idea that during summer months, mabe you need less sleep, as it seems with animals, they still sleep and wake with the hours of darkness and light, ie with sunset and sunrise.
I think more sunlight being absorbed, more energy, higher temps, means maybe your body needs less hours of sleep and recovery so you just still go to sleep when it gets dark just an idea though.. Is every hour of sleep before midnight worth more than the hours after? One hour before midnight is worth two hours after midnight.
Your first three or four hours of shut-eye are deep sleep—the kind that recharges your batteries and prevents you from falling asleep at work; the second half of sleep is lighter, dream-filled REM sleep, which keeps you sharp and determines your mood for the day. This is interesting and romantic, but what would they say to allow people to reach that serene state when you fall asleep around 2 or 3? I think J has come the closest to my personal experience. I start to yawn at the first sign of trouble.
I have always been a night owl, as well. My favorite, most restful sleep pattern is 2 a. I have made my bedroom a haven for my 2 a. I too sleep twice in a night, often waking between 1 and 4 am.
I thought for years there was something wrong with this. Now I just accept it and go with the flow. Now I know this is quite normal. I typically sleep in two sleep sessions. I sleep for hours wake up and do the parts of my work that require concentration and mental alertness. After a few hours I begin to feel sleepy again and sleep for a few hours more. The period between my sleeps varies quite a bit. If can be as short as an hour, is typically 4 hours, but can be much longer if I am working on something complicated.
I also find that if I stay up until what would be the normal end of my first sleep around 2: I have 2 sleeps quite often as I fall asleep next to my daughter reading her stories.
I usually sleep 8: Very interesting article; and I had no idea that happened in the past. I wondered initially if it was because beds were scarce so they had to organise sleeping rotas or that it was co-ordinated around working hours shift work.
But now reading through what you have discovered from historical references I think that I clearly live sometimes in the past as I often have two sleeps! It tends to be with me waking around 3 or 4am and having a cup of tea, perhaps a slice of toast and butter, I then hit the keys of my computer and write.
Thank you for sharing! I find it easy to then slip back to sleep, and wake full refreshed at some later hour in the morning. I will definitely take note, from now on, that when it happens if I do indeed get a full eight hours sleep.
I have a feeling it is longer! Trust me, it is all over the world! Equatorial seems to sleep in four hour shifts because it is so hot during the day and cooler at night, so they stay awake longer at night.
I think it is biological, not environmental. The two sleep pattern actually becomes my normal sleeping habit in the winter. I live in the mountains and keep the wood burning stove going through the night. By about am, generally the coldest time of the night, I naturally wake up, to my surprise feeling very refreshed.
Here I was thinking that something was wrong with me, only to find that my sleep experience is normal. I always wake up somewhere between hours of sleep. I usually try to fight it because I have been trained to believe that I need to sleep 8 straight hours. However, sometimes I do get up and read, watch tv or do other things for an hour or two.
When I do this I then go back to bed and sleep that second half very well. Otherwise, when I toss and turn to fight it, the second half is usually made up of a lot of waking every 30 minutes or so until I actually have to get up for work. Very, very interesting article and very enlightening. Now I feel better about this.
Find that thgis is often the way I sleep during the longer darkness in the winter. It has the big advantage that I can get some of my work done inbetween the two sleeps and often find that I am more productive because there is less noise and other distractions. This DOES sound like a good time for meditation.
I also find that having a meal at this time helps me get back to sleep. Sleep Hygiene is an issue that is too often ignored and may be worth looking into for a more relaxed and productive life. The time between 3: Besides tending a fire, tending animals may be another reason to get up in the middle of long, cold winter nights.
They had a lot of livestock, more than could all fit in their great barns. Muslims still do this all over the world, we are required to. First sleep then wake up for Fajr prayer then second sleep. I think the second sleep is no more than 1 hour maybe lesser, you can ask this from the scholar of islam. I am reading about sleep patterns of recent history here. I would think sleep patterns may have changed throughout history. I would think from the time of the caveman till now, people have adapted to sleep patterns depending on the environment presented to them.
I know here in hot regions of Arizona, many people will work at night in the summer, and sleep during the day, especially in construction. They will work and sleep normal hours during the cooler months. I think with humans adaptation is the key when it comes to sleep patterns. I however do 2 sleeps about twice a week. Only in the last 10 years. Rarely when I was younger.
The two sleep practice continued well in to the 20th century and died out with the generation born in the fifties and sixties. My father and his siblings were born in the nineteen hundreds in a remote rural community and up to his passing in the nineteen sixties my father would sleep early and get up in the middle of the night so did may others who were born and raised in the early part of the 20th century. Another contributing factor will be how people work. What I discovered, was that without the preoccupation with viewing media, I found myself falling asleep earlier and earlier —so that even though it was still summer and the days were longer, I would fall asleep pretty much as soon as the sun went down.
Reading just made me sleepy. Still, I would wake up after about 4 or 5 hours, be up for a couple more doing whatever I could to fill this time and then falling back to sleep again. I should note that my second sleep is shorter than the first one —about two or three hours. My husband, on the other hand, is a one sleep sleeper.
Goes to bed late early in the evening and sleeps until he has to get up early to go to work about 5 a. He has no problem sleeping for about 8 to 10 hours a night. As a Sleep tech I perform Nocturnal Polysomnograms…sleep studies , and this is a really intriguing article.. I will share this with my co-workers….. Two things, 1st manny families lived together and older members get up often for many reasons.
Young families needed to tend to young children. I also would get up to tend a wood stove while living in a school house during cold months. Summer brought later bedtime giving time for the home to cool some. When I was young and did much physcial activity I needed the rest. During this time I watch foreign news channels for different perspectives on world events. You can learn a lot of things at night if you use the right, contructive channels.
I wonder how the morning procedure went off in those days in the northern hemisphere without electricity nor light.
But obviously someone must have tended the fire and the stoves. It must have been really cold for the first one to get up at five to get the kitchen going, this being large drafty houses, not tents. A while back I lived with my girlfriend in the winter garden of her father. It was more or a less a big glass house with a stove.
No isolation or what so ever. Believe me, it was freakishly cold. In order to avoid freezing to death we had to keep the fire going the whole night. I did not have to set my self an alarm clock. I just woke up by myself every time the fire went out.
After putting more wood on the fire I went back to bed. I had to get up 3 times per night. The surprising part for me was that I was actually rested the next day. Instead, I fight to stay awake while watching TV, after a meal, on the couch.
When visiting Rio, many people went to bed when they got home from work. They got up at 10 and went out to eat or dancing until the wee hours. I liked that system! This is precisely the natural sleep pattern I fall into when left to my own devices. Being single helps that LOL.
This article just reminded me of that. With reference to teens needing more sleep: I believe IQ plays a role in how much sleep is needed too. He needed a few more hours sleep than she did. He also needed three alarm clocks to waken him once out and on his own. Now he has no difficulty in getting up to go to work. He is an independent contractor. My daughter owns her own business as well. Going back to when they were born: He liked to sleep late.
My daughter was born at night. She was a night owl. Adjusting their feeding times is how their sleep patterns were also adjusted as infants and young children. I noticed that my word counts were much higher if I woke up and immediately began to write, but that after a couple hours, the words dried up. So I decided to sleep twice and it really did increase my ability to focus and kept the writing easy and fluid. Last week research findings were released regarding the function of sleep — they have evidence to show during sleep the brain is cleaned of toxins built up during daytime functioning.
Early day research, but I wonder if 2 sleeps will be as effective at cleaning the brain of toxins as a single sleep? As a brain injury survivor I was given medication to help me sleep. Without the medication I had more difficulty in formulating my thoughts. Even to this day I repeat a prayer before I get up in the mornings. Once I can repeat the prayer in my mind without stopping and having to start over, then I am ready to get up.
That injury was over 25 years ago. I have also had sleep apnea and went 6 weeks without any sleep at all. I have had 3 sleep apnea tests done on me and I no longer have sleep apnea.
When a sleep apnea test is done, you ate placed in a dark room with no windows and no light. If you have to go to the restroom you have to punch a button and somebody then turns the overhead light on so you can go to the restroom. They have to first disconnect you and of course the reverse is done when you get back to your room. Nowadays there is too much light.
Being on the computer right before bedtime is not a good practice because of the flickering lights from the monitor. We are not cognitively aware of that flickering and it is not as bad as it used to be with the improvement in computer monitors. Our mind is going like 90mph and then expected to slow down and rest when a person is on their computer just before bedtime. These are scientific data. To schedule an appointment, you must access the online appointment scheduler.
The Writing Lab offers a variety of workshops throughout the year. The workshops are offered on an 8-week rotation with each workshop appearing twice throughout each semester. Clicking on any workshop title below will redirect you to our registration page, where you can learn more about the workshop and register. Please pay special attention to the location of each workshop to distinguish between on-campus versus online workshops. The Writing Lab receives numerous questions about our service each year.
Below are some of our most common: The Writing Lab is not an editing service. Our mission is to assist you in learning to become your own editor. Instead of simply reading over your papers for you, our tutors read through your papers with you, thus helping you to spot your own errors and style inconsistencies. Writing Labs everywhere find this philosophy of teaching creates stronger, more flexible writers than simply providing editorial services.
Since we serve the entire Regent community, our tutoring appointments are limited in availability. Throughout the term, students are usually limited to one appointment per day, though they can have up to two appointments in the same week. Another reason for limiting daily appointments pertains to the revision process itself. After meeting with a tutor, students typically have much work to do, and revision takes time to do right.
In order to facilitate this process effectively, students are therefore limited to one appointment per day unless approved by our staff. Extenuating circumstances do occur, after all. Our staff and tutors strive to provide as much consistency of experience as possible for students using Writing Lab services. However, due to the nature of writing and reader experience, perspectives will differ, though not markedly. For instance, some of our tutors are trained in specific disciplines and will naturally notice areas of your writing that some other tutors trained in other disciplines will not, or at least not as quickly.
Tutors are encouraged to be honest and fair regarding the manner in which they relate to your writings, and not all experiences will be the same. Variations in feedback can, in fact, be quite beneficial to the student since no single tutor can spot everything in one session.
That said, our tutors are trained according to the same basic standards of grammar and punctuation, style, formatting, and composition pedagogy. Thus, while not every tutor will interpret your work the same, the variations in the kinds of advice tutors can offer are actually somewhat limited.
The job of the student at this point is to assess what the tutors experienced as readers and decide if their concerns are warranted. Remember, you are the expert in your topic as the primary researcher or creative author. In order to assist the needs of successive students, tutors are required to limit appointments to minutes.
This allows them to prepare for the next appointment by taking a quick breather and having time to review the materials submitted by the next student. Tutors glean over these materials for potential areas of revision, make notes, and then meet with the student prepared to work. When you schedule your appointment through the online scheduler, you can select which tutor you would like to make the appointment with.
However, we cannot guarantee you will have the appointment with the tutor you select. Sometimes, tutors need off for various reasons, and we have to switch the appointment to another tutor. Since the Writing Lab desires to help students become better self-editors, appointments may be switched to different tutors in order to ensure students do not become too reliant on the assistance of a single tutor.
The answer is early and often. Students at universities everywhere typically view Writing Labs as emergency rooms for their bleeding papers, papers marked red by their apparently very angry professors. When students use this method of service, the damage is already done and the grade already received. Also, the ends of semesters are very busy at the Writing Lab, and students waiting to the last minute to request tutoring may find themselves on waiting lists, lists sometimes two-weeks long.
By the time an appointment is available, the paper is already due. Thus, thinking of the Writing Lab as a kind of preventative medicine approach makes life easier on everyone. The Lab is open and available for appointments year-round.
Students do not need an appointment to use the Writing Lab. Walk-in sessions are available, though these are much briefer in length and are intended to encourage students to sign up for regular appointments.
In addition, walk-in appointments are taken around scheduled appointments. Therefore, we cannot guarantee their availability at any given time.
Students with registered disabilities are able to receive accommodations from the Writing Lab on a case-by-case basis. The Writing Lab will contact Disability Services to learn what accommodations we can provide for you.
Based on the details, we will work with you to ensure that you receive support to help you succeed in your academic endeavors. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact Disability Services to learn what a reasonable accommodation is for your specific needs. Welcome to the Regent University Math Lab! Our tutors come from math focused majors and receive special training in each class that we offer. Math tutors come alongside students to reinforce math concepts that students learn in class and from their textbook.
Our tutoring goal is for each student who uses our services to develop a greater fundamental understanding of the material being taught in their math class.
Students can receive support by scheduling individual appointments with one of our tutors in-person or online or registering to attend one of our math workshops on-campus or online. What We Do Math tutors provide free tutoring to undergraduate, Regent students enrolled in one of the above math classes through 45 minute one-on-one appointments or minute workshops.
During appointments, tutors can assist you with any concepts that you have studied from your math class. Tutors can help you with concepts directly from your textbook, through example problems, or homework problems that you have been unable to complete correctly. Tutors cannot help you with quizzes or tests for academic integrity purposes but may provide you with example problems that utilize the same concepts. The Math Lab endeavors to help its students gain a better understanding of relevant math concepts so that students can confidently complete most of their coursework on their own.
To fulfill this goal, students must come to tutoring having attempted to understand the concepts that they wish to go over, either by reading the textbook or by attempting the relevant homework problems beforehand.
If you have questions, please contact the Math Lab at Students looking to use our services for the first time are frequently unsure of what to expect. The first step in the tutoring process is for you to prepare for the appointment by actively attempting homework problems or coming with questions from class lectures or assigned reading. If you find that you have trouble understanding something, you can use the online appointment scheduler to book an appointment with one of our math tutors.
If you find that you unable to adequately prepare prior to an appointment, please use the online scheduler to cancel your appointment and reschedule for a time when you will be able to devote the time necessary to prepare.
The more specific you can be in answering this question, the more efficient the appointment will be. Once the tutor knows what you want to cover, they will use a variety of techniques to help you become proficient in using the identified math concept. Tutors may walk you through example problems or discuss the concept in a more abstract way depending on what best fits your learning style. Tutors will also help you understand how to complete homework problems that you struggled with in preparation for the appointment.
Once this is accomplished, the tutor may make suggestions for what you should study for your next appointment. If you are unable to arrive on time to your appointment, please notify us as soon as possible.
For many students, a single minute appointment is not sufficient to cover all the possible questions you may have from your math class. Math tends to build upon itself, but it also expands into new subjects at a similar rate. For this reason, students may schedule up to three appointments per week for each week of their math class.
You can schedule appointments up to a month in advance. If you schedule an appointment with the Math Lab and are unable to prepare for the appointment, please cancel the appointment as soon as possible and reschedule for a time that is better for you.
If you have a single question that will not require 45 minutes to answer, you may utilize a walk-in appointment. A walk-in lasts 15 minutes and is best utilized for a single homework question that has proven unusually difficult to you. Walk-in appointments are available during designated walk-in hours and taken around scheduled appointments. To schedule an appointment with the Math Lab, access the online appointment scheduler.
The Math Lab offers class- and topic-specific workshops throughout each semester. Workshops are offered on a rotating schedule in order to serve the largest number of undergraduate students possible. Workshops are offered on-campus and online, via Blackboard Collaborate Ultra. Workshop titles denote the class and subject covered in the session. Clicking on any workshop title below redirects you to our registration page, where you can learn more about the workshop and register.
Be sure to select the correct class and workshop location when you register. The Math Lab receives numerous questions about our service each year. The Math Lab believes that one hour of guided practice a day is sufficient for students to learn the necessary skills needed to understand certain principles and math problems.
Another reason for limiting daily appointments pertains to the practice process itself. After meeting with a tutor, students typically have much work to do, and practice takes time to do right.
In order to facilitate this process effectively, students are therefore limited to one appointment per day unless approved by our staff, though they can have up to three appointments in the same week.
To assist the needs of successive students, tutors are required to limit appointments to 45 minutes. This allows them to prepare for the next appointment. Tutors glean over the subject materials, make notes, and then meet with the student prepared to work. Appointments may be switched to different tutors in order to ensure students do not become too reliant on the assistance of a single tutor. Students do not need an appointment to use the Math Lab.
Walk-in or Call-In sessions are available, though these are much briefer in length and are intended to encourage students to sign up for regular appointments. Video Sessions are held through Blackboard Collaborate Ultra. To attend a Video Session, you need a working microphone, strong internet connection, and Google Chrome an easily downloaded web browser. Your appointment tutor will send a link to the appointment to your student email 10 minutes before the appointment.
When the appointment starts on the hour, the tutor will join you in the session and the appointment will be conducted just as if it was in-person. Throughout the session, the tutor will use the virtual whiteboard to demonstrate math concepts or go through example problems. The tutor may ask you to share your screen if your questions refer to a specific homework problem.
The appoint ends at the end of the 45 minutes, as usual, but students can request to be sent a recording of the appointment to help them review the concepts covered in the appointment. It can be very difficult to communicate collegiate math concepts or formulas through a purely auditory medium. Video Sessions offer the advantages of screen sharing and a virtual whiteboard to maximize the efficiency and quality of long distance appointments.
If you do not have an available microphone for their computer, you can use their phone to call-into the virtual classroom in order to speak with the tutor. The Math Lab is equipped to help students in the classes listed under our services. If you have questions from outside of those services, we recommend that you contact your professor. Your professor may be able to answer your questions or point you in the direction of someone who can.
We also recommend that you check out Smarthinking, an online tutoring service that you can access through any of your Blackboard courses. Students who have registered disabilities with Regent University may receive accommodations from the Math Lab on a case-by-case basis. The Math Lab will contact Disability Services to learn what accommodations we can provide for you. In accordance with university policy, we will work with you to help you succeed in your math class. If you have questions about accommodations, please contact Disability Services.
To schedule an appointment, you must access the online appointment scheduler and follow these steps:. If you are scheduling with the Writing Lab, you must send a copy of your writing assignment to writing regent. For more information, please go to the CLEP website: To schedule an exam appointment, please complete the following:. If any scheduling conflicts arise, students are allowed to reschedule their CLEP testing date once free of charge.
After their first reschedule, students must register again in order to schedule for a CLEP test. Please note that all fees are non-refundable. To search for other local CLEP testing facilities, please visit www. If students do not show up on time to their scheduled test date, they automatically forfeit their test date and registration fee. However, Regent University recognizes that emergencies occur that may keep students from keeping their test date.
Regent University reserves the right to approve or deny any request based on their investigation of the report. Please allow business days for the processing of any appeals. Center for Student Happiness. SC Success Coaching Orientation We are so excited for you to start your journey at Regent University! Choose the orientation experience best for you. Enjoy food, fun, and fellowship with other students who will also be starting in the fall semester Preview a night in the Regent Commons residence halls Meet with your academic advisor Get your student ID and register for classes There will also be special sessions for parents about financial aid , business office policies, residence hall living, campus security and safety, and much more.
Parents are welcome to attend the dinner, the official welcome and family worship, and ice cream social on the evening of Move-in day. Fall Start New traditional transfer students are expected to participate in this August event. Spring Start New transfer students starting in January are expected to attend this event.
Students studying on campus and entering in the fall or spring semesters will receive information about a mandatory orientation prior to the start of the semester. In addition, the comprehensive International Student Orientation Program includes: Legal Information — Learn about maintaining your F-1 visa status while a student in the United States General Information — Materials on programs and services available on campus and in the community Getting Acquainted — Meet other students and people and places on campus Settling In — Trips to local stores, banks, and cell phone providers; a campus tour and library tour Please contact us with questions by calling 1.
Self-Leadership — Identifying and managing priorities, handling change, finding motivation, overcoming procrastination, and managing time; Life Skills — Setting goals, decision making, problem solving, getting organized, managing stress, and acquiring support Life Perspectives — Seeking happiness, hearing your calling, overcoming adversity, understanding and using your strengths You will leave with an action plan as well as greater sense of focus, support, encouragement, and accountability.
What We Do Writing tutors provide free tutoring to all Regent students, staff, and faculty through minute appointments or minute workshops. Writing Lab Hours Monday — Thursday: Tutoring is available in minute appointments.
Students can also schedule appointments up to one month in advance! Students are allowed one appointment per day and up to two appointments per week. All students are expected to abide by the Code of Conduct.
Doctoral Services We understand that your papers are longer and more involved than papers for an undergraduate or graduate-level class. So, can I just drop off my paper and pick it up later ready-to-go? Can I have more than one appointment in the same day? Why do I receive different feedback at times from tutors on the same assignment? Why are appointments only minutes long? Can I have a longer appointment?
Can I have every appointment with the same Writing Tutor? When should I use the Writing Lab? Do you have to have an appointment, or do you take walk-ins? What if I need special accommodations? Math Lab Hours Monday: Scheduled appointments begin at the start of the hour and last 45 minutes.
Walk-in sessions are welcome but contingent on tutor availability. Students are allowed one appointment per day and up to three appointments per week. Students can schedule appointments up to a month in advance.
All students must abide by the Code of Conduct. Math — Mathematics for Liberal Arts. Descriptive Statistics Chapter 4. The Normal Distribution Note: Be sure to use The Standard Normal Distribution table provided in the textbook Appendix F or in the online homework module, as it differs from the table used in a standard statistics text. Math — College Algebra. Factoring Polynomials Chapter 0.